15.3.2020

COVID-19: A Detailed Look

COVID-19

The world has gone fanatic over the Coronavirus (COVID-19). Travel bans, plunging stocks, quarantines. As of Friday, there are 250 cases in the US and 14 deaths, mostly in Washington and California. World-wide the cases have passed 100,000 and the death toll has passed 3,200. More than 2700 people in New York are quarantined. President Donald Trump just signed a $8.3 billion emergency spending package to combat COVID-19.

How COVID-19 is Spread

COVID-19 is spread by human to human contact via respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezing. Most of the spread occurs when individuals are most symptomatic. There is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19. The CDC does not recommend that well people wear facemasks, rather the best protection is washing your hands with soap and water or sanitizer and avoid touching your nose, eyes, mouth, and nose with unclean hands.

Flu Vs Corona Virus

Compared to the seasonal flu which on average results in 3-5 million cases and about 250,000 to 500,000 deaths per year world-wide, the corona virus is small in its reach. BUT the flu death rate is .1% while we see above that COVID-19 death rate is 2.3%, that is a 20-fold increase! Scientist have studied the flu for decades, so it’s fairly predictable in its spread and symptoms. As for COVID-19 it’s completely novel and that’s what makes it scary, it’s a wild card.

Boost Your Immune System and Protect Yourself Against COVID–19 Naturally

The fatality rate is around 2.3% overall, but 14.8% for people 80 and older. Individuals under 30 are significantly less affected. Some experts say this is due to a decrease in immune function. Supporting your immune system is extremely important for fighting off and preventing viral infections. Some ways to boost your immune system to optimize your reaction to COVID-19 is to avoid sugar, alcohol, processed foods, and smoking. Eating an optimal diet with whole grain, fruits, vegetables, lean meats, and healthy fats, along with exercise, adequate sleep, and reducing stress are all important for improving immune function. Powerful immune boosting foods include citrus fruits, red bell peppers, and broccoli. Some botanical herbs that research has shown to help prevent viral infections are garlic, ginseng, and elderberry, which are all discussed in detail below!

GARLIC

Hippocrates himself prescribed Garlic for a variety of health conditions, but only recently have we begun to understand its mechanism. Garlic is an amazing source of vitamins and minerals such as Vitamin C, B-6, selenium, calcium, and iron! The main health benefits are caused by sulfur containing compounds formed when garlic is chopped, crushed or chewed. These compounds are also what gives garlic its characteristic smell. Studies on Garlic have shown that it can reduce the risk of becoming sick, how long you stay sick, and reduce the severity of symptoms! 1. 2. 3.

GINSENG

Ginseng refers to 11 different variety of slow-growing plants with fleshy roots. Ginseng has been extensively reported to maintain homeostasis of the immune system. Ginseng’s active components are called ginsenosides. Ginsenosides has been confirmed to increase Macrophage activity which are immune cells that can ingest viral and bacterial microbes. Ginsenosides have also been shown to increase the effectiveness of Natural Killer Cells which act to rid the body of virally infected cells. Ginseng is effective in already infected individuals, but more research is needed to demonstrate the efficacy of Ginseng in boosting resistance to infection in healthy individuals. 4.

ELDERBERRY

Sambucus Nigra also known as elderberry is a flowering plant with dark purple berries. Elderberry promotes a healthy immune response against viruses by increasing the number of inflammatory molecules called cytokines which encourage immune cells to the area to clear infection. Elderberry is unique in that it shows mild inhibitory effects at the early stages of influenza by inhibiting virus entry and replication in human cells. Elderberry is most effective in the post-infection period meaning that elderberry helps the immune system recover quicker. As if Elderberry wasn’t cool enough already… Elderberry is considered a superfood! It is rich in antioxidants, bioflavonoids, vitamin C, Vitamin B6, and Iron which also can help support the immune system! 5. 6.

Research Article Source

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11697022
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22280901
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4417560/
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3659612/
  5. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1756464619300313?via%3Dihub
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11399518

Other Source
In the U.S., More Than 300 Coronavirus Cases Are Confirmed
Senate passes $8.3 billion emergency bill to combat coronavirus
Transmission of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Prevention, Treatment of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Who is getting sick? A look at coronavirus risk by age, gender, and more
Travel Health Notices | Travelers’ Health
Influenza (Flu) vs Coronaviruses
Naturopathic Recommendations Regarding the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
This Past Flu Season Was the Longest in 10 Years, the CDC Says
Why coronavirus is a big deal
Coronavirus transmission rate is 0.5%, Kirkland hospital says
7 Proven Health Benefits of Ginseng
The Effect of Ginseng on the Nutritional Status and the Immune Functions after Curative Operations on Gastric Carcinoma Patients
15 Foods That Boost the Immune System
Elderberry and The Immune System
Elderberry compounds could help minimize flu symptoms, study suggests