What is Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)?

What is Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)?

The body is a master in its ability to heal itself, PRP is a form of regenerative medicine that can harness and amplify the natural growth factors your body uses to heal itself. Plasma is the liquid portion of the whole blood, it is largely composed of water and proteins and provides a medium for red blood cells. Platelets are anucleated cell fragments derived from large cells called megakaryocytes that reside within the bone marrow. Platelets cause the blood to clot and release growth factors. Growth factors activate the healing process of bone and soft tissue and reduce healing time. They directly are responsible for increasing cell proliferation, increasing collagen, and initiating angiogenesis.

How is it prepared?

A healthcare professional will draw a sample of your blood and will then place it in a centrifuge, a machine that spins around very quickly, causing the blood components to separate. This takes about 15 minutes. The platelet rich plasma is then removed and prepared for injection. Doctors will often use ultrasound to pinpoint specific areas for injection of PRP into injured tissue.

When is PRP used?

PRP is used to accelerate the healing of injured tendons, ligaments, muscles, bones and joints. Conditions that can benefit from PRP therapy include plantar fasciitis, rotator cuff tears, MCL tears, patellar and achilles tendon injuries, ankle sprains, osteoarthritis, and postsurgical repair.